Vote counting | NTEC

Vote counting

Counting begins once voting centres close at 6:00 pm on election day.

Votes that are cast on election day are counted on election night. Other counts may include early and postal votes.

Ballot papers are checked to ensure formality and those that are not completed correctly are set aside; these are called informal ballot papers and are not counted towards the result. The remaining ballot papers are sorted into piles for each candidate according to the first preference marked on the ballot paper. The number of ballot papers are then totalled for each candidate, the results phoned through to the office and added to the website.

All ballot papers are re-checked after election night to make sure they have been counted correctly.

Two-candidate preferred count

Following the first preference count, electoral officials conduct an indicative two-candidate preferred (TCP) count. This result is then phoned through to the office and added to the website.

The 2 selected candidates are those expected to receive the most first preference votes. The TCP count is conducted to give an early indication of who is most likely to win each seat, as this is not always clear from first preferences. The commission is required to undertake the indicative TCP count under section 123 of the Electoral Act.

Re-check of ballot papers

A recheck of all votes is undertaken during the week after election day including absent, early and postal votes.

Electors voting by post have until 12:00 noon on the second Friday after election day to return their ballot papers. The distribution of preferences is not conducted until after the cut-off for receipt of postal ballot papers.

Distribution of preferences

A candidate must receive a majority of the total formal votes in the count to be elected (that is, 50% + 1).

For example - if there are 4,000 formal ballot papers in the count, the absolute majority of votes is calculated as: 4,000 ÷ 2 = 2,000 + 1 = 2,001.

If a candidate has a majority of the votes, the candidate is elected and no further counting is necessary. If no candidate receives the majority, the candidate with the least number of formal votes is ‘excluded‘ and that candidate's ballot papers are re-sorted to the other candidates according to the second preference shown on each ballot paper. The process of exclusions is repeated until one candidate gains more than half of the formal votes and is elected.

See section 128 of the Electoral Act for a more detailed explanation of how a distribution of preferences is conducted.

Declaration of election results

As soon as practicable after the results of an election have been determined, the commission must publicly declare the results of the election and the names of candidates returned as elected.

The public declaration locations and times are advertised on the website, via a media release and on social media.


At any time before the result of the election is declared, a candidate may ask the commission for a recount to be conducted. The initiating candidate must state the reasons for the request, which may or may not proceed.

The Electoral Commissioner may also initiate a recount on his or her own volition.

More information about the commission's policy on recounts can be found via the following link

Disputed elections

Pursuant to Part 12 of the Electoral Act, a person may dispute the validity of an election by making an application to the Court of Disputed Returns. The application must be made no later than 21-days after the day fixed for the return of the writ for the election.